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[20] In April 2015 it discovered the first comet from South Africa in 35 years, C/2015 G2 (MASTER). South African Large Telescope At 11 metres in diameter, the Southern Africa Large Telescope (SALT) is the largest single optical telescope in the southern hemisphere, able to detect stars one billion times dimmer than the faintest visible to the unaided eye. Science operations have been running since 2005, with queue observations taken by the SALT astronomers. Another consequence of this design is that the entrance pupil varies in size during the tracking of a target. The GPS station is also used in support of the CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) space missions. [10], The 1.9-m (74-inch) Radcliffe Telescope was commissioned for the Radcliffe Observatory in Pretoria where it was in use between 1948 and 1974. It combines a number of features that differentiate it from most telescope designs, resulting in greatly lowered construction costs. [23] Remote Telescope Markup Language is used to control the telescopes remotely. September 1, 2005, Southern African Large Telescope — Pour les articles homonymes, voir SALT. It is a facility of the South African Astronomical Observatory, the national optical observatory of South Africa. The Wide Angle Search for Planets consists of two robotic telescopes, the one located at SAAO Sutherland and the other at Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on the island of La Palma in the Canaries. The observatory operates from the campus of the Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope that was established in 1820[8] in the suburb of Observatory, Cape Town. It will enable imaging, spectroscopic, and polarimetric analysis of the radiation from astronomical objects out of reach of northern hemisphere telescopes. SALT is the largest optical telescope in the southern hemisphere. Although this results in only a limited observing window per target, it greatly simplifies the primary mirror mount, when compared to a fully-steerable telescope, transferring the complexity to the smaller and lighter payload tracking system, providing for an overall reduction in total telescope construction cost. It is the largest single optical telescope in the Southern Hemisphere, with a hexagonal mirror array 11 meters across. The facility's function is to conduct research in astronomy and astrophysics. Instrumental contributions from the South African Astronomical Observatory include the development of a spherical aberration corrector and the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT). This 40 inches (1.0 m) telescope was originally located at SAAO Head office in Observatory, Cape Town, but has since moved to the Sutherland site. With the, Location of South African Astronomical Observatory, Not to be confused with the Radcliffe 18/24-inch Double Refractor at the, Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Yonsei Survey Telescopes for Astronomical Research (YSTAR), South African Geodynamic Observatory Sutherland (SAGOS), National Research Foundation of South Africa, Royal Observatory at the Cape of Good Hope, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, national library for astronomy and computer facilities, Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, International Deployment of Accelerometers, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology, Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory, "Additional information about SAAO Sutherland", "The South African Astronomical Obsrvatory: Africa's Eye in the Sky", South African Department of Science and Technology, "THE TRANSIT OF VENUS. The telescope has a 1.5Mbit internet connection, feeding to what is termed the 'Beach-head', from where other institutions can access the data. SAAO was established in January 1972, as a result of a joint agreement by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of South Africa and Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC) of United Kingdom. The first known practically functioning telescopes were invented in the Netherlands at the beginning of the 17th century …   Wikipedia, South African Astronomical Observatory — The Southern African Large Telescope Organ …   Wikipedia, Optical telescope — Eight Inch refracting telescope (Chabot Space and Science Center) An optical telescope is a telescope which is used to gather and focus light mainly from the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum for directly viewing a magnified image for… …   Wikipedia, South African Astronomical Observatory — Le South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO) est un observatoire astronomique professionnel sudafricain (32°22′46″S 20°48′38.5″E / 32.37944, 20.81 …   Wikipédia en Français, South African Astronomical Observatory — Das Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) Das South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO) ist ein Zentrum für optische und infrarotgestützte Astronomie in Südafrika. The University of Birmingham has a solar telescope to help monitor the Sun around the clock. Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) A major telescope located at the main research and observing station of the South African Astronomical Observatory in Sutherland, in the Karoo region of the Northern Cape, South Africa.The telescope, which has a hexagonal mirror array measuring 11 meters in diameter, is the largest in the southern hemisphere, built at a cost of $30 million. Notice, Smithsonian Terms of Infobox Telescope bgcolour = name = Southern African Large Telescope caption = organization = National Research Foundation of South Africa location = Sutherland, South Africa coords = altitude = weather = wavelength = Optical built = 2005 website = http://www.salt.ac.za/ style = Reflector diameter = ~11.1m x ~9.8m angular_resolution = area = 66m2 focal_length = mounting = 45 ton steel structure dome = 25m sphericalThe Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) is a ~10 metre (~33 feet) diameter optical telescope, located in the semi-desert region of the Karoo, South Africa. SAGOS consist of a 1 Hz permanent GPS station, a superconducting gravimeter, meteorological sensors, and a tri-axial magnetometer. March 15, 2004. The post of Her Majesty's astronomer at the Cape of Good Hope was awarded the Royal Medal on two occasions; the first to Thomas Maclear in 1869 for measurement of an arc of the meridian at the Cape of Good Hope[5] and the second to David Gill in 1903 for researches in solar and stellar parallax, and his energetic direction of the Royal Observatory at the Cape of Good Hope.[6]. In 1974, when the Radcliffe Observatory in Pretoria closed, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) purchased the 1.9-m Radcliffe telescope and transported it to Sutherland.[7]. News AKMI is one of the Leading News Website in US, We are always happy to provide you Latest Updates of the US and World. SALT is located at coord|32|22|33.62|S|20|48|38.44|E|, on a hilltop in a nature reserve 370 km (230 miles) north-east of Cape Town, near the small town of Sutherland. The first generation instrumentation for SALT includes the SALT Imaging Camera (SALTICAM), designed and built by the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO); the Robert Stobie Spectrograph (RSS) (née Prime Focus Imaging Spectrograph), a multi-purpose longslit and multi-object imaging spectrograph and spectropolarimeter, designed and built by the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Rutgers University, and the SAAO; and a fiber-fed High Resolution Spectrograph (HRS), designed by the University of Canterbury (New Zealand). South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO) is the national centre for optical and infrared astronomy in South Africa. Membership of the SALT Science Working Group : David Buckley, Gerald Cecil, Brian Chaboyer, Richard Griffiths, Janusz Kałużny, Michael Albrow, Karen Pollard, Kenneth Nordsieck, Darragh O'Donoghue, Larry Ramsey, Anne Sansom, Pat Cote, * Carnegie Mellon University* Dartmouth College* Georg-August-Universität Göttingen* Hobby-Eberly Telescope Board* National Research Foundation of South Africa* Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences* Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey* University of Wisconsin-Madison* University of Canterbury (New Zealand)* University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill* United Kingdom SALT Consortium (UKSC), comprising:** Armagh Observatory** Keele University** University of Central Lancashire** University of Nottingham** Open University** University of Southampton. SALT is the largest single optical telescope in the southern hemisphere and is funded by a variety of international partners.- namely, South Africa, the United States, Germany, Poland, India, the United Kingdom and New Zealand. The Yonsei Survey Telescopes for Astronomical Research (YSTAR), decommissioned in 2012, was used for the monitoring of variable stars and other transient events. Korea and Japan have telescopes at the site and South Africa has at least five optical telescopes there. (or is it just me...), Smithsonian Privacy SALT is situated at the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO) field station near the small town of Sutherland, in the Northern Cape province, about 400 km from Cape Town. South Africa contributed about a third of the total of $36 million USD that will finance SALT for its first 10 years ($20 million for the construction of the telescope, $6 million for instruments, $10 million for operations). Because the mirror is spherical, light emitted from a position corresponding to the center of curvature of the mirror will be reflected and refocused to the same position. [9] This telescope participates in the PLANET network. code: K95) is part of the Russian Mobile Astronomical System of Telescope-Robots. * [http://www.salt.ac.za SALT] - official site. [http://www.cnn.com/2004/TECH/space/03/15/safrica.telescopes.reut/index.html South Africa looks to stars with super scope] . United Kingdom: "Reuters Limited". SALTICAM was installed in early 2005, while the RSS was installed on 11 October 2005. South African Large Telescope At 11 metres in diameter, the Southern Africa Large Telescope (SALT) is the largest single optical telescope in the southern hemisphere, able to detect stars one billion times dimmer than the faintest visible to the unaided eye. The official opening by President Thabo Mbeki took place during the inauguration ceremony on 10 November 2005. The SAAO has links worldwide for scientific and technological collaboration.

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