There are minimal detective job requirements, as most departments hire from within. Federal fish and game wardens are often referred to as Federal Wildlife Officers. CLI candidates must have at least five years of full-time experience (or qualifying academic coursework); complete a 1,000-word research paper on investigations; and pass an examination with a score of at least 70 percent. Police Detective: Career Profile, Job Outlook, and Education Requirements, How to Become a Police Detective in 5 Steps. Related: 15 Jobs You Can Get With a Criminal Justice Degree. All exams cover three subject areas: police investigative procedures, laws related to police work and writing reports. Detective Support and Vice Division. Before sharing sensitive information, The .gov means it's official. The ability to use both inductive and deductive reasoning 2. Working around the clock in shifts is common. In short, the requirements to become a detective vary widely by state. There's more than one method of becoming a detective, but both come with an explicit set of requirements. Employment of police and detectives is projected to grow 5 percent from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations. It is during the training, probationary, and patrol periods that police officers gain an understanding and appreciation for the criminal process, the criminal justice system, and the role of the law enforcement community. Officers, detectives, and fish and game wardens must be able to anticipate a person’s reactions and understand why people act a certain way. Detectives and criminal investigators, who are sometimes called agents or special agents, gather facts and collect evidence of possible crimes. You must be physically fit and pass a fitness test that may include timed running or fence climbing. Please note that state and federal agencies typically require at least four years of undergraduate education. Each police department has its own set of requirements regarding how long a police officer must work in patrol before becoming eligible to become a detective and work in criminal investigations, although, for most, this time period is usually between 2 and 5 years. The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Police Detective Education Requirements. They wear uniforms that allow the public to easily recognize them as police officers. They conduct interviews, examine records, observe the activities of suspects, and participate in raids and arrests. Police officers must be comfortable with being a highly visible member of their community, as the public looks to them for assistance in emergency situations. Criminal investigators must be able to effectively conduct witness interviews and suspect interrogations, examine evidence, observe suspect activities, and serve as experts in courtroom proceedings. Due to their role in public service, their salary comes from taxes and government funding, making them a public employee. As technology advances, more detectives find themselves behind a computer rather than in the field. make sure you're on a federal government site. These agents may relocate a number of times over the course of their careers. You'll learn about the laws and ordinances you must uphold, as well as how to safely perform your duties, from traffic stops to emergency calls. Fish and game wardens enforce fishing, hunting, and boating laws. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Police and detectives must be able to speak with people when gathering facts about a crime and to express details about a given incident in writing. There are two major routes in becoming a detective: traditional and college. By contrast, PIs are citizens who typically need state licensure and cut their teeth gathering legal, financial, and personal information for clients by conducting surveillance; performing background checks; tracking missing people; searching records for clues; and interviewing people of interest. Becoming a detective starts by first becoming a police officer and serving in a conventional patrol capacity. Additionally, the curriculum includes training in firearms, self-defense, traffic control and first aid. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS Dec. 2019), police detectives typically garner investigative experience through their work in law enforcement and have become detectives as a promotion through the agency. Specifically, detective requirements may also include: 1. Proper education, training, skills and certification create successful detectives ready to protect and serve their local community. Turns out this can vary depending on factors as simple as the night of the week that Halloween falls on (Monday versus Friday, for example), and even the city itself. Most carry law enforcement tools, such as radios, handcuffs, and guns. Fire inspectors examine buildings in order to detect fire hazards and ensure that federal, state, and local fire codes are met. The hiring process often includes multiple interviews followed by a polygraph test, background check and drug test. You might consider a degree program in administration of justice, law enforcement, criminal justice, or police science. Despite the challenges, however, becoming a detective can be a rewarding profession, providing the deep personal satisfaction that comes from solving crimes and bringing resolution to victims. The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile. The State and Area Data tab provides links to state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and occupational information from the Department of Labor's CareerOneStop. Your training will be conducted in a controlled environment, so that you may become comfortable before you begin working in the field. This means a past history of theft, embezzlement, cheating, or fraud is not tolerated among police departments. Physical abilities tests are designed to assess a candidate’s strength, endurance, flexibility, and cardiovascular health. Transit and railroad police patrol railroad yards and transit stations. Perceptiveness. Although requirements vary by department and region, to qualify for a police academy, candidates must be US citizens; be at least 18 years old; possess a driver’s license; have no felony convictions; and have some college experience. Academy training includes academic study, field work, and physical training. Officers and detectives must be in good physical shape, both to pass required tests for entry into the field, and to keep up with the daily rigors of the job. Most successful detectives are curious, attentive to detail, and hard-working. There are various branches of investigation including homicide, surveillance, fraud, computer crimes, financial crimes, and missing people. Specific certification and licensing requirements are determined by the state in which you plan on working. Previous work or military experience is often seen as a plus. Bryant & Stratton College responds quickly to information requests through this website. Much of your detective training can be accomplished while you're working as a police officer. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. Officers regularly work at crime and accident scenes and encounter suffering and the results of violence. A case is assigned to a police detective till an arrest is made, trial is completed or the case is closed for any number of reasons. Additionally, California State University in San Bernardino (CSUSB) provides a bachelor of arts (BA) in criminal justice, combining valuable research and internship opportunities with structured coursework in criminal law, statistics in criminal justice, and correctional counseling. Emergency management directors prepare plans and procedures for responding to natural disasters or other emergencies. After high school, the next step for many candidates is enrolling into a police academy. This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). Perceptiveness 9. Are there any certification or licensure requirements? A felony conviction or drug use may disqualify a candidate. Finally, both PIs and police detectives are expected to have similar growth rates in job openings during the coming decade. B.S. Cadet candidates must be U.S. citizens, usually be at least 21 years old, have a driver’s license, and meet specific physical qualifications. Police academy programs generally last six to eight months with specialized training in firearm use, patrol procedures, ethics, self-defense, report-writing, CPR and first aid, physical fitness, and emergency response. Although a career in law enforcement may be stressful, many officers find it rewarding to help members of their communities. Drug use is expressly forbidden; you'll probably undergo a drug test prior to being hired and be subject to random drug testing for the duration of your police detective career.