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The drop zone point of impact (PI) must be marked. Weapons training conducted during both day and night, is routine with an average of two missions per week per crewmember. This one-of-a-kind aircraft is consistently improving its capabilities. The MH-53J has three weapons stations: left window, right door, and ramp. Their missions included broadcasts of "Voice of the Gulf," and other programs intended to convince Iraqi soldiers to surrender. The Airmen supporting the Air Guard’s Special Operations Mission are among the most highly trained soldiers in the world. The unit�s task entails supporting foreign aviation units with advisory assistance in such areas as operational and tactical planning, force integration, and mission execution. During instrument meteorological conditions beacons are the only way for the AC-130H to locate friendly positions. Welcome to the United States Air Force. The MH-53J Pave Low helicopter is a night, adverse-weather special operations weapon system that was designed to be a flight lead platform for less capable aircraft. Special Operations Security Forces Squadrons (SOSFS) proovide force protection for AFSOC at home and abroad. The aircraft will normally be employed as part of a larger vertical-lift package, which may require dissimilar multi-ship formations. The 16th SOW is the largest Air Force unit under the Air Force Special Operations Command, the Air Force component of the US Special Operations Command. The 6th Special Operations Squadron (6 SOS) is a combat advisory unit activated for the purpose of advising and training foreign aviation units to employ and sustain their own assets in both peace and war, and, when necessary, to integrate those assets into joint, multi-national operations. This is a list of United States Air Force special operations squadrons. In addition, the SOF-unique mission equipment allows this aircraft to be used for recovery of injured special operations personnel. Air Mobility Command C-17A Globemaster crews trained to support SOF. Standard Crew: 2 pilots, 2 flight engineers (or 1 flight engineer and 1 aerial gunner). The mission area also encompasses collateral activities such as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. Coalition support includes advisory actions to: Humanitarian Assistance And Disaster Relief. To perform these missions, the primary emphasis is on night vision goggle (NVG) operations, but they can be accomplished during the day. The minigun is normally used for soft targets and troop suppression, which requires a high rate of fire (2,000-4,000 rounds per minute). It maintains a worldwide mobility commitment, participates in theater exercises, and supports humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations. H aircraft to comprise the major components of the MC-130 aircraft configuration: These heavily armed aircraft incorporate side-firing weapons integrated with sophisticated sensor, navigation and fire control systems to provide surgical firepower during extended loiter periods, at night and in adverse weather. Due to the rapid tear down and buildup times, it is normally faster to air transport the aircraft rather than self-deploy when distances exceed 1,500 NM using aerial refueling, or 1,000 NM using ground refueling. The helicopter was not designed for use as an attack gunship platform. The gunship weapons do not have a hard-kill capability against heavy armor or bunkers. Weapons systems operated by AFSOC include: The Special Tactics Group is comprised of Air Force Combat Control, Pararescue and Combat Weather personnel capable of providing terminal guidance for weapons, control of assault zone aircraft, fire support, medical support, and weather support. The unit�s task includes advising and training host-nation aviation elements to conduct air operations supporting host government and multi-national humanitarian aid and disaster assistance programs. As a result, run-in headings are not appropriate. above the highest obstruction within three NM of route centerline. Learn about great opportunities for enlisted airmen, officers and health care professionals. If necessary, the mission can be flown with visual and electronic-controlled emissions. AIR MOBILITY COMMAND C-141 AND C-5 SOLL II. The range of the mission depends on several factors: length of time on the low-level route, enroute weather, winds, and the air refueling offload requirements (see Planning Factors). Radar reflective items may also be used with the AC-130U radar. Both of these drops are flown at 130 KIAS. For training purposes, a ball ammunition mix of 4:1 is used. The typical gun configuration is a GAU-2 B/A 7.62 minigun at the left and right station with a GAU-18 .50 cal on the tail. enemy material, personnel, and facilities) in assigned or general areas or along assigned lines of communication (LOC), and not for the purpose of attacking specific briefed targets. Necessary command and control communications will be accomplished by secure SATCOM and line-of-sight radios. NTC missions are flown in VMC using NVGs. United States Air Force Special Operations are carried out by a range of units with a number of different roles. These Air Commandos operate fleets of specialised aircraft on a variety of missions. An external cargo hook has a 20,000 pound (9,000 kilograms) capacity. By continuing to use this site you consent to our use of cookies. Special Operations Weather Teams (SOWTs) conduct behind-the-lines meteorological reconnaissance. These missions include combined operations with helicopters and fighters. The STTs are comprised of combat controllers, pararescue, and support personnel. A Personnel Locator System (PLS) is installed to enhance locating and identifying ground forces for extraction. This system is a multi-mode, J-band radar that provides the operator with radar video imagery of terrain features, other radar-reflective targets, terrain-following/terrain avoidance, weather avoidance and air-to-ground range data. Various marking devices may be used by friendly forces to expedite acquisition. The ammo complement without reloading is 3,000 to 4,000 rounds. These modifications will greatly increase the range and navigational accuracy of the MC-130 P. The aircraft normally carries eight crewmembers. Aircrews maintain qualification in night vision goggle (NVG) tactical operations, NVG aerial refueling, NVG shipboard operations, and NVG overwater operations to include rubber boat deployment ("low and slow"), fast rope infiltration, and hoist or rope ladder exfiltration. The number of aircraft required and the time phasing after notification are specified in other sources. Special qualifications include high altitude low opening (HALO) airdrop, NVG airland, formation lead, inflight refueling (IFR), and Rigging Alternate Method Zodiac (RAMZ). If time permits prior to deployment, the wing or group logistic planning cell will develop a plan to support deployed flying operations and concomitant logistics objectives. However, the gunship lacks both great hitting power and area coverage capability, which limits the potential for damage to hardened or large area targets. Mission endurance is increased through the use of an air refueling probe for inflight aerial refueling. The gunship can support combat recovery operations in a permissive environment. This is the primary mission of the MC-130P. The teams are specially tailored in both size and composition to meet specific mission needs. Not all crewmembers are qualified for all types of missions. Within permissive environments, the AC-l30 is effective in the following roles: The side-firing gunship delivers ordnance while in a pylon turn around the target. The weapons are used primarily for self-defense and enemy suppression. Tactical Air Control Party JTACs provide the link between SOF and attack aircraft. The next few years should see continued enhancements to the EC-130 and its world-wide mission. AFSOC Air Commandos operate fleets of specialised aircraft on a variety of missions: This site uses cookies. Deployments can be worldwide using a main base or a limited/standby base with host support. The following CAS guide is a briefing guide designed specifically for the gunship. However, the MH-60G is a visual meteorological conditions (VMC) platform with weather avoidance capability. Air Force Special Operations Forces (AFSOF) Logistics. The 16th SOW focuses on unconventional warfare, including counterinsurgency and psychological operations during operations other than war. Mission effectiveness is highly dependent upon accurate, complete, all-source, real-time intelligence. The gunship is more vulnerable to enemy threats than other tactical reconnaissance platforms. The special tactics mission is to provide the Joint Special Operations Air Component Commander (JSOACC) with quick-reaction command and control positive air traffic management, and casualty recovery, treatment and evacuation staging during joint air and ground/maritime operations including short notice, sensitive contingencies. The probability of success will also decrease as the total number of aircraft in the mission increase due to an increased chance of detection (i.e., larger multi-ship or dissimilar type formations). The gunship normally acts as a Forward Air Controller (FAC) for its fighter escort, and may be used to control other strike aircraft. Land-fall points are selected to minimize detection by hostile forces. Mission accomplishment is achieved through a joint pre-brief of route, special procedures, and establishment of a communications net (fire support coordination net). The primary peacetime responsibility of the 353, AIR RESERVE and AIR NATIONAL GUARD COMPONENTS, AFSOC gains three Air Reserve Component units when the organizations are mobilized. United States Air Force Special Operations are carried out by a range of units with a number of different roles. We are disciplined professionals dedicated to continuous improvement. Logistics and maintenance emphasis is placed on the cycle of launch, recovery, service, rapid repair, and re-launch. Spectre has an impressive combat history. The MC-130E Combat Talon I is capable of air refueling helicopters in support of extended helicopter operations. This system provides a moving map display showing a continuous, pictorial representation of the helicopter's horizontal position and movement relative to the terrain. The EC-130 flies during either day or night scenarios and is air refuelable. A notional OAD-A consists of 12 personnel capable of teaching and/or advising in the functional areas shown below. Landing zones and lighting must conform to AFI 13-217. All MH-53Js are modified for shipboard operations and feature automatic main rotor blade and tail rotor pylon fold.

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